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arthritic foot

What Are the Types & Symptoms of Arthritis

, by Edmond Elsina, 11 min reading time

Arthritis Foot

What Is Actually Arthritis

Arthritis can be defined as an inflammatory condition that affects the joints of the body. It has the potential of causing various symptom and signs that range from swelling to mild pain of the affected areas. The condition is also notorious for causing stiffness of the joints and swelling of the bone.

As a result of the swelling, the cartilage starts to wear and tear which leave the bones naked and exposed which triggers them to knock each other. The end results may cause serious physical deformities and mobility issues.

Influences of Arthritis

The condition can affect any joint of the body and it can as well cause a ripple effect to other joints of the body. A joint is any meeting point of either two or more bones areas such as the shoulder, knee, elbow, and wrist.

Every end of the joint is well wrapped with a protective dense tissue called cartilage. The joint is also enclosed in a sturdy sheath that secretes a fluid responsible for reducing friction called a synovial membrane and synovial fluid respectively.

An interesting fact is that there over 100 types of arthritis that are classified under three major categorize namely inflammatory arthritis, non-inflammatory arthritis and connective tissue/ autoimmune disease.

Arthritis mostly refers to an inflammation within a joint while rheumatism is used to refer to the pains and aches around the affected joint. The most common types of arthritis include gout, rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.

14 Different Types of Arthritis

Reactive Arthritis

This form of arthritis is classified under the autoimmune type that appears following an infection in another area of the body. It mostly affects back and knee joints although it's easy to treat. It responds well to treatment when people follow due procedure and medication.

Some early signs of reactive arthritis include pain and swelling in the joints, pain when urinating, increased urge and frequency of urination, small hard nodules that develop under the feet or palms. In severe cases, this form of arthritis can cause recurrent mouth ulcers.

Polymyalgia Rheumatica

This type of arthritis is classified under the autoimmune type which is notorious for affecting people who are 65 years and above. Arthritis leads to the inflammation of larger muscles which include the hips, shoulders, upper arms and neck.

The source of the problem is unknown but the condition responds positively towards treatment. Some of the common signs are pain around the large muscles, and muscle stiffness. The condition exacerbates mostly in the morning or after subjecting the body to a long period of rest. The soft tissues around the affected joints also fall victim to swelling and inflammation.

Psoriatic arthritis

This form of arthritis is classified under the inflammatory type that has the tendency to affect individuals with psoriasis which is a skin condition. There are five types of psoriatic arthritis and some could be fatal when left untreated.

Some of the common symptoms include stiffness, swelling, redness, throbbing. The symptoms are quite apparent during the morning hours or after a long period of rest.


It falls under the inflammatory type of arthritis and it resembles gout which forms crystals around the joints. The disparity arises on the substance used to create the crystals. In gout, crystals are formed by uric acid whereas in pseudogout the crystals are made from calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate.

The crystals are responsible for causing inflammation and swelling around the affected areas and joints. Some of the common symptoms include swelling and joint pain. It becomes difficult to diagnose and treat pseudogout because the symptoms are also similar to those of rheumatoid arthritis and gout.

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

It falls under the inflammatory type of arthritis which is common with children who are between the age of 1- 16. There are three forms of Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis that include Oligoarticular, Polyarticular, and Systemic JIA. Oligoarticular this is the most common condition among children and it affects only a few joints. Polyarticular affects major joints of the body that include digits.

On the other hand, Systemic JIA is a rare condition that is a general condition that causes pain in the joints. Some of the common sign and symptoms include redness, stiffness, swelling, and pain around the joints. It also comes with the development of fever and rashes.

Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS)

It falls under the inflammatory type and mostly affects the joints of the spine. In cases of an accident that leads to inflammation, the body reacts by secreting calcium which attaches to ligaments connected to the spine which affects the flexibility of the spine. The condition could trigger ankylosis which is a condition that fuses bones into the spine. The symptoms can escalate and cause conditions such as sciatica.


It is a form of the autoimmune type which affects the soft tissues and muscles. The full extent of the genesis of this condition has not be ready to know. Fibromyalgia can affect the entire body and some of the symptoms include muscular pain, exhaustion, spasm, chronic fatigue, a disturbed sleep pattern and muscle twitching.

There Is no treatment for the condition but individuals with the condition can rely on medication to relieve some of the symptoms.

In case you experience some of the aforementioned symptoms and signs make sure you visit your doctor as soon as possible. The early concern will facilitate an accurate diagnosis as well as the proper administration of medical prescriptions.

Extreme joint pain

Many arthritis patients experience severe joint pain due to arthritis. This pain can last longer in some people, but it can occur and progress randomly in others.

For some people, joint pain gets worse early in the morning or late at night. Some adults and young patients with arthritis may experience intermittent pain during the acute phase of arthritis, which can occur a few times a month or years later.

To control this symptom of joint pain, you should see an arthritis specialist and eat an anti-inflammatory pain reliever at the appropriate time.

Joint swelling

Most arthritis patients have problems with internal and external joint oedema after the symptoms of joint pain appear. And it will appear as a condition features by an excess of watery fluid collecting in the cavities or tissues of the body.

For the most part, when you touch these swollen joints, they make them feel hot. Arthritis and redness occur in those with these joints. The symptoms of such oedema prevent the affected person from moving. In this case, your doctor may recommend that you take anti-inflammatory drugs. You can also apply ice to the swollen parts of the body to relieve pain and symptoms of swelling.

Underperformance by internal organs

Arthritis can affect the kidneys, lungs, and heart. The disease causes swelling of the glands such as salivary glands and lacrimal glands. If these symptoms persist, see a doctor and make a diagnosis. Diagnosis can be made through laboratory tests, imaging, and even x-rays.

This system can lead to generalized fatigue which, if not controlled early enough, can cause serious damage to internal body tissues.

Increased body discomfort

Arthritis causes severe pain in the affected area of ​​the body. As a result, some activities occur, e.g walking, running, sitting, or doing poor or inadequate work. It attacks the joints of the neck, knees, shoulders, and even the fingers, causing complete paralysis and not moving of the entire body. If you have any symptoms, see a doctor and do an appropriate test to get the right medicine.

Other common symptoms of arthritis are weight loss, fatigue, loss of appetite, and fever. Some types of arthritis, like juvenile arthritis, may have similar symptoms but include anaemia and rashes on the legs and arms. These joint symptoms should be carefully monitored and arthritis detected and treated promptly.

Joint stiffness

People with arthritis after joint pain and cancer develop joint stiffness. Often, people with severe arthritis don't get enough exercise, which limits their daily physical activity, according to the Arthritis Foundation. You cannot participate in sports or other activities that require a higher level of physical activity.

To keep your joints moving and flexible, you need to do joint support exercises every day, such as yoga, meditation and stretching exercises.

Pain and redness in the affected area

This is one of the most common symptoms. This symptom usually occurs where the joints are. The affected area causes pain and redness and is very tender. The muscles and cartilage in these parts become very weak and painful; This will decrease performance and increase the level of infection.

As the infection spreads to different parts of the joint, blood flow to these areas is restricted and the area becomes very painful. See a doctor right away to stop the disease from spreading.

High fever and headache

Flu symptoms occur in people with severe arthritis. These symptoms include a high fever, sore throat, throw up, and headache. When faced with such a health problem, it is important to consult an experienced health care professional to manage your situation.

These important joint symptoms occur in all patients with arthritis. It is important to lead a healthy lifestyle to control arthritis symptoms. Such a healthy lifestyle includes a balanced diet and regular balanced exercise. You also need to see a doctor regularly and get your condition properly diagnosed in order to get the right treatment to cure arthritis.

The Treatment Options of Arthritis

Physical therapy

Is physiotherapy suitable for your situation, symptoms or illness? What are the advantages and disadvantages associated with this approach? These are some of the important questions you should ask yourself.

It is advisable to check out a professional physical therapist's credentials and specifications before you arrive after getting physiotherapy. Again, consult with your doctor to see whether the treatment option is best for you depending on your condition.

Traditional approach

It always begin any medical process with an examination and consultation with a licensed physician. Firstly, discuss your symptoms and concerns and listen carefully to their advice and possible options. Then ask if the situation is serious or (or less acute) important.

What are the indications, condition and options? Are side effects, treatments, or medications recommended? The common medication techniques and drugs worked magic and people who got such conditions got cured.

Alternative drugs

Instead of being limited to a few traditional medications, some may have side effects, so alternative medications and methods should be considered. These include dietary supplements like herbs, turmeric, glucosamine, oriental medicine, MSM, hyaluronic acid, and chondroitin.

You need to seek the services of your doctor so that you get a good diagnosis and drug medicine don't assume anything and decide to treat yourself. Over the counter medication could help alleviate some symptoms of arthritis.


Acupuncture is a well respected and proven treatment and healing that has been used around the world for centuries. Instead of just relying on common ideas about our body, we use so-called meridians. Acupuncture, the meridian of Chinese medicine, represents a series of pathways in the body through which life energy is believed to flow.

There are 12 ways, each assigned to a specific organ. To take advantage of this, a physician use small needles, and your body's energy is most beneficial to you. It is often believed to be effective in reducing inflammation and related pain, and discomfort. It could as well help people suffering from arthritis and other related conditions.


Take a look at the list of early signs of arthritis and decide if you have any joint symptoms. Before that, you need to improve your food intake. Above all, use ointments to prevent arthritis, remove unhealthy foods from joints and health, lose weight, reduce stress and joint tension, and reduce physical and emotional stress. Add stress-free exercise to your daily routine and try cold treatments. To preven that, you can try a pair of shoes with premium orthotics at

However, if your arthritis symptoms are severe, you should see a doctor as soon as possible. Various treatment options for the arthritis stage include the use of ligaments and braces to protect the joints, as well as medication and surgery.


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